Friday, 2 September 2011

₪ The Irish quality of failing better.

Warning: This article might contain strong, coarse, and foul language among other profanities and politically incorrect remarks. 
If you are easily offended, you should drink some vinegar and bite your thumb better click away on the Bright Side of the Internet.





Ireland 1780
Having always been attracted to locations of historical and cultural interest; destinations like Memphis, Persepolis, or Machu Picchu, are ever in my thoughts about spirituality. Parthenon would be included too if it wasn't for the fact that I have almost grown up inside-and-around it as an Athenian. I am a Greek, therefore; I seek. 
I want to step on the same places that these people once did, walk through their paths, see and touch in my mind, the world they once lived in before our holy wars destroyed everything in the name of vanity. The place that has ever attracted me the most is Ireland. In my view, the Celts are culturally entwined into a superlative ethnos, like a greater Dál Riata; a cultural bridge between their island and other civilisations, that despite being so different, they are so much the same, by influencing their neighbours through their culture. 

The Irish in spite of being conquered, they conquer their oppressors with the way they forged the worldwide literature in the last two centuries.
I've always felt inextricably tied to them since childhood, and for some inexplicable reason perceived these lands as if they were my own. Even back in the 80's, with encyclopaedias and regular books being the only sources of information, my first choice amongst other cultures, were them Gaels. Perhaps I am positively biassed in their favour because of a hypothesis that suggests that Mycenean tribes and clans immigrated to the Pretanic Isles during the sociopolitical changes in Bronze Age Greece. Examining other people's opinions on the matter, I can clearly see that there is perhaps some nationalistic inclination to support the theorem, but I can not reject keeping an eye open for some interesting coincidences and facts.

"Ossian Receiving the Ghosts of Fallen French Heroes"
Anne-Louis Girodet
Myths are there for a reason, and where is smoke, there might be some fire as well in some cases. I am not alleging all myths to be true, of course not; but if we rejected the possibility of a more realistic explanation behind them, we would have missed a lot.
Heinrich Schliemann was constantly mocked and ridiculed by the academic community for believing what Homer wrote in his Iliad and Odyssey. These writings were to the academics just mythology and would have never been accepted by historians, archaeologists and other acknowledged scientists of his time. The good thing for us is that Schliemann never gave a fuck; he raised a big fat middle finger to everyone, left for Greece and Turkey, opened his translation of Homer and start digging. Today, we can actually visit the archaeological sites of the two cities that were part of the first world war in histo
ry, thanks to him.

When it comes to Greek mythology, many make the mistake to follow the standard version of it, instead of examining other accounts as well. Indeed; Hesiod's Theogony is a masterpiece, but there are countless other tales and writings about the ancient Greek history and culture.
In the fascinating myths of Heracles and his labours; the legendary hero is to travel to the far away island of Erythia and retrieve by all means necessary the Cattle of Geryon, and indeed he does so; he's the son of Zeus after all. What is absorbing though is that on his way back, Keltine; the daughter of Bretannus, coerced him to lay with her. Their son was named Celtus, who is regarded as the eponymous founder of the Celts.

"Battle of Clontarf
Hugh Frazer
There are many locations in Albion and Hibernia that own a Greek traditional name. Sure -some might say- there's an Athens in the United States of America too, so what? The thing is that these in Ireland and Scotland are older. Many centuries older.
If I were to name a few; Myrias, Hebrides, Argadia, Ionia, Couros, Troon, etc. are only a slight idea of what is going on, while both ethnonyms have a solid etymological backbone to the Proto-Hellenic language. We know about tribes that came from the east with names like Chalci, Achanii, Danaans, Eirne, etc. and we should perhaps take into consideration that megalithic constructions, like the Newgrange and other; have the same structure as the acropoles of Mycenae, Argos and Tyrins.
This is not an effort to Hellenise the Gaels but even as a coincidence, it is exciting enough to be keen about anything that has to do with these people and their land.

Looking further into the history of the Irish, we see a staggering synchronicity with the Greek people, and the correlation between the two is astonishing.
Both lovers of thinking, literacy and the arts; the Irish and the Greeks are etched by an everlasting oppression; a deprival of their land and ethnic discord. A disunity of people that has led to a conflict that had a catastrophic result for their nations and their very psyches.
Plantations, genocides, scorched land tactics and other crimes of war, have ever been well known to them, nevertheless; they still exist centuries after, bearing their unique identities and traits.

"Birth of the Irish Republic"
Walter Paget
Ireland has no commercial monuments or imperial pillars, and she needs none; for she is like if she was crafted during the song of a Goddess. Her nature is so captivating that any human would feel a transcendental chill crawl up his spine, and a serene grounding of tranquillity as time stops, and man becomes one with the earth.
Greeks often say that "(the) Man is like the nature of his land", and I must say that I can see all of this in the Gaels; like if they were gracefully touched by a divine source of power, with a phenomenal dexterity for craftsmanship and artistry.
Reading their scholars, regardless if these be poets, writers, or philosophers; we garner a sense of what human will is for the spirit and vice versa; an exaltation of patience and tenacity, that embraces failure as a mean to completion. The Irish are truly gifted just like their land; inspired and inspiring, demiurgic, born to be free with a with a remarkable sense of liberty and unyielding persistence.

During all these years, they both dramatically failed many times to get rid of the leeches that sucked their countries dry of freedom, liberty and independence; yet they never gave up fighting, earning at the end what they so passionately struggled for. The 21st century saw a new monster arising; the one of debt and humiliation, and this is a new chapter in their book of labours yet to be concluded.
Samuel Beckett once said: "Ever tried. Ever failed. No matter. Try Again. Fail again. Fail better." and if there is one thing we can be sure of; is that they will stand up again.
Or, at least; they're gonna try to. 



Etymology

❖ Ireland

  • a.1 ∴ Ireland ‣ English ∴
  • a.2 ∵ Airlann ‣ Ulstèr-Scotch Gaelic∵
  • a.3 ∵ Éire ‣ Irish Gaelic ∵ 
     ☛ from Éire + Land 

  • a.4.6 ∴ Éire ‣ Irish ∴  accusative Eirinn, Erinn
  • a.4.5 ∵ Ériu ‣ Old Irish ∵
  • a.4.4 ∵ Īweriū ‣ Proto-Goidelic ∵  accusative Iverionemablative Iverione
  • a.4.3 ∵ Iouerníā ‣ Latin ∵
  • a.4.2 ∵ Iouerníā ‣ Euboean Hellenic ∵
  • a.4.1 ≝ Ἰέρνη  ΙΕΡΝΗ /Īérnē/ ‣ Hellenic Koine ∵  
     ☛ from Hieros + Nessos for a holy/plentiful island.

  • a.5.4  Land ‣ English ∴ 
  • a.5.3 ∵ Landą ‣ Proto-Germanic ∵
  • a.5.3 ∵ Ledą ‣ Dacian ∵
  • a.5.2 ∵ Λας  ΛΑΣ /las/ ‣ Hellenic Koine 
  • a.5.1  Λαw  ΛΑW /law/ ‣ Proto-Mycenean 


☛  Cognate withScots land ‎(“land”), West Frisian lân ‎(“land”), Dutch land ‎(“land”), German land ‎(“land, country, state”), Swedish land ‎(“land, country, shore, territory”), Icelandic land, (“land”), Old Irish lann ‎(“heath”), Welsh llan ‎(“enclosure”), Breton lann ‎(“heath”), Old Church Slavonic лѧдо ‎(lędo), from Proto-Slavic *lenda ‎(“heath, wasteland”) and Albanian lëndinë ‎(“heath, grassland”).

☛  Another linguistic theory that is reported in Wikipedia suggests the term "Eire" to descent from the Proto-Indo-European reconstruction *piHwer-. This hypothesis is one that I disagree with, still even in that situation; the link would be direct to Hellenic if that would be the case as well. 


"Riders of the Sidhe"
John Dunkan


❖ Éire  

  • a.6.4 ∴ Éire ‣ Irish ∴  accusative Eirinn, Erinn
  • a.6.3 ∵ Ériu ‣ Old Irish ∵
  • a.6.2 ∵ piHwer ‣ Proto-Indo-European Reconstruction ∵
  • a.6.1  Πίειρα • ΠΙΕΙΡΑ /píeira/ ‣ Hellenic ∵  Fertile, Abundant, Fat 




❖ Scotti  

  • a.7 ∴ Scotland 
     ☛ from Scot Land meaning ‎(the) "Land of Darkness."

  • a.8.6 ∴ Scot ‣ English ∴ 
  • a.8.5 ∵ Scottas ‣ Old English ∵
  • a.8.4 ∵ Scotti ‣ Latin ∵ (plural) inhabitants of Ireland, Irishmen
  • a.8.3 ∵ Scotti ‣ Euboean Hellenic ∵
  • a.8.2 ∵ Σκόττοι  ΣΚΟΤΤΟΙ /Skotti/ ‣ Hellenic Koine ∵
  • a.8.1 ≝ Σκότος  ΣΚΟΤΟΣ /skó.tos/ ‣ Hellenic Koine ∵ darkness, gloom, shadow, blindness
     ☛ Cognates include Old Irish scáthOld English sceadu, and Sanskrit छत्त्र ‎(shadow).


"Ossian Receiving the Ghosts of Fallen French Heroes"
Anne-Louis Girodet


❖ Hibernia  

  • a.9.6 ∴ Hibernia ‣ Latin ∴ Latin for Ireland
  • a.9.5 ∵ Hibernia ‣ Euboean Hellenic ∵
  • a.9.4 ∵ Ῑ̓ουερνίᾱ  ΙΟΥΕΡΝΙΑ /Īouerníā/ ‣ Hellenic Koine ∵ 
  • a.9.3 ≝ Ἰέρνη  ΙΕΡΝΗ /Īérnē/ ‣ Hellenic Koine ∵ 





Subject Etymology


❖ Failure

  • b.15 ∴ Fail ‣ Classic Irish ∵ 
  • b.14 ∵ Fhail ‣ Middle Irish ∵
  • b.13 ∵ Foil ‣ Old Irish ∵
  • b.12 Vfali ‣ Archaic Irish∵
  • b.11 ∵ Fallen ‣ Old English ∵
  • b.10 ∵ Feallan ‣ Anglic ∵
  • b.09 ∵ Fallan ‣ Norse ∵
  • b.08 ∵ Fallanan ‣ Proto-Germanic ∵
  • b.07 ∵ Faillir ‣ Gaulish ∵
  • b.06 ∵ Fallire ‣ Vulgar Latin 
  • b.05 ∵ Fallere ‣ Latin ∵ 
  • b.04 ∵ Fallō ‣ Archaic Latin ∵
  • b.03 ∵ Sfallō ‣ Euboean Hellenic ∵
  • b.02 ∵ σϝάλλω  ΣFΑΛΛΩ /Sfâllō/ ‣ Hellenic ∵ to deceive, lie, miss, do wrong, disappoint
  • b.01 ≝ Φῆλος  ΦΗΛΟΣ /phêlos/ ‣ Proto-Hellenic ∵ deceitful

Derivatives 
  • Western Germanic Languages: fail, failure, false, fault, foul, spill, spoil, devil,ball, etc.
  • North Germanic Languages: feil, fejle, fel, bilun, föll, fallstefja, avfall, valde, anbefalle, djævla, jæavla, vaal, valen, val, falske, flater, ausfall, etc. 
  • fallare, falo, falha, falla, fallimento, faulto, fiasko, falhei, falle, etc.
  • Semitic Languages & etc.: Arabic fashal (فشل), Yiddish falsh (פאַילינג), Maltese falza, fawl, etc.





Interesting Tips

☛ The terms "spoil" and "spill" are associated with Sphállō as well. 
  • c.8 ∵ Spill ‣ English ∵
  • c.7 ∵ Spillan ‣ Middle English ∵
  • c.6 ∵ Spoilen ‣ Old English ∵ 
  • c.5 ∵ Espollier ‣ Old French ∵
  • c.4 ∵ Spoliāre ‣ Vulgar Latin 
  • c.3 ∵ Spolio ‣ Latin 
  • c.2 ∵ Sfallō ‣ Euboean Hellenic ∵
  • c.1 ≝ σϝάλλω  ΣFΑΛΛΩ /Sfâllō/ ‣ Hellenic ∵ 


☛ Same root with Pelasgic wel- / WEΛ-. Cognates include:
  • ἓλιξ  hΕΛΙΞ /hɛ́likʰs/ ‣ something twisted, e.g., helicopter
  • ἓλις  sΕΛΙΣ /s.əˈlis/ ‣ something twisted, e.g., elastic 
  • βαλ & ϝαλ wαλ  BΑΛ, WΑΛ, ϜΑΛ /val, fal, vual/ ‣ to hit against, e.g., devilballwill, etc.
  1. Link for analysis of the word "Devil"
  2. Link for analysis of the terms "Ball"


☛ In case some might wonder why the Hellenic language has so many diacritics (tones, accents) and similar vowels; the answer is that they were made to distinguish terms that might sound similar but have a different etymology. These diacritics are not there for decoration; pronunciation is necessary. A nice example is the different interpretation of the terms Φῆλος  ΦΗΛΟΣ /ê.los/ that means deceitful, malicious, in contrast with Φίλος  ΦΙΛΟΣ /pʰí.los/ which stands for a friendfriend oflover

e.g. Φηλλαλῆθης • ΦΗΛΛΑΛΗΘΗΣ /pʰêlallētʰês/   "Deceiver of the Truth." 
vs. Φιλλαλῆθης • ΦΙΛΛΑΛΗΘΗΣ /pʰilallētʰês/   "Lover of the Truth"


"Sacrifice to Priapus"
Raphael or Giulio Romano


☛ The term Phallic cognates Phallus (Hellenic for penis) which is a direct derivative of the common root *sFal that is analysed in all the above examples. 
Here, I shall not go further into the etymology, but with a playful spirit, I'll name only a few of its translations: WrongdoerDisappointerMisplacedDeceiverDestroyer, and "to hit with". 
Yes, etymology can be fun too.